Panchgani Hill Station
Panchgani also called Paachgani is a famous hill station and municipal council in Satara district in Maharashtra, India. It is renowned for the many premier residential educational institutions.
Panchgani is a Hill-Station in Satara district in Indian state of Maharashtra. It is just 18Km away from Mahabaleshwar. It is located amidst five small hills, from which it derives its name(panch in marathi means five). All these 5 hills are topped by a volcanic plateau which is the second highest in Asia after the Tibetan plateau.
This majestic hill resort is located at 1,334 meters altitude.Panchgani is a vibrant scenic destination and its beauty multiplies with the backdrop of hilly terrains at one side and coastal plains at the other side. This place had been used by the British officials as their summer resort. The Panchgani hill station is known for its unpolluted air and it is believed that the oxygen content in atmosphere is more here compared to other regions. Due to this many people select this for convalescing from diseases. The ambience is very cool and calm and the exquisite environment is a perfect background for rejuvenation and curing of illness of body and mind.
Scenic Panchgani was discovered by the British during the British Raj as a summer resort, and a superintendent named John Chesson was placed in charge of the hill station in the 1860s. He is credited with planting many plant species from the western world in Panchgani, including silver oak and poinsettia, which have flourished since then in Panchgani. Mahabaleshwar was the summer resort of choice for the British, but it was uninhabitable during the monsoons. Panchgani was developed as a retirement place for the British because it remained pleasant throughout the year. John Chesson was deputed to find a suitable place. He surveyed the hills in this region in the company of Mr Rustomji Dubash, and finally decided on this nameless area in the vicinity of the five villages:Dhandeghar, Godavli, Amral, Khingar, and Taighat. The place was aptly named Panchgani, and Chesson was made Superintendent.
To develop the infrastructure, Chesson encouraged various professionals – tailors, dhobis, butchers, vegetable vendors, building contractors etc. to also settle in Panchgani. The area below the bazaar was allotted to them, and is known as the gaothan. Chesson is buried in the graveyard of St. Peter’s Church. In 1971 or ’72, his death centenary was observed in a big way when for the first time, the town folk and the schools participated together in a ceremony to remember the founder of Panchgani. Panchgani is nestled at middle of five hills in the Sahyādri mountain ranges, also there are five villages around the Pachgani are Dandeghar, Khingar, Godwali, Amral & Taighat. The Krishnā River flows nearby which made the lake of Dhom Dam on the Krishna 9 km from Wai.
BOUNDARIES:- The distances of Panchgani from major cities are as follows:
From Mumbai – 285 km,
From Pune – 100 km
From Mahabaleshwar – 18 km,
From Satara – 45 km &
From Wai – 10 km
How to Reach
Mumbai-Panchgani via Pune, 270 kms. Mumbai Panchgani via Mahad, 266 kms.State Transport buses ply from Satara, Pune, Wai, Mahabaleshwar, Mahad tp Panchgani.
Nearest railhead is Wathar, 45 kms om Miraj-Kolhapur section of South Central Railway. However convenient railhead is Pune.
The airport at Pune is nearest to Panchgani at a distance of 98km.
In winter the temperatures are around a cool 16 C. Whereas in summer it can get quite hot reaching 35 C. The annual rainfall is 216 cms. September to May is the best time to visit.
BEST TIME TO VISIT
Panchgani is a pleasant hill resort that does not experience major temperature variations. Though the monsoons are rather heavy. The temperature ranges between sixteen and thirty-five degrees throughout the year. The months from September to May are the best time to visit Panchgani. Panchgani Tourism is at its peak during the winter months.
The east of the Pachgani is Wai, Bavdhan & Nagewadi dam, at west there is Gureghar, at south is Khingar & Rajpuri,& on north is Dhom Dam.
The temperature in Panchgani is around 12C during the winter, and sometimes reaches 34C during the summer; however the humidity level is very low. The Monsoon rains hit here hardest and the rainy season spans between June and February, allowing the region three months of relatively dry and sunny spring.
View from Panchgani, Maharashtra
The five hills surrounding Panchgani are topped by a volcanic plateau, which is the second highest in Asia after the Tibetan plateau. These plateaus, alternatively known as “table land”, are a part of the Deccan Plateau and they were raised by pressure between the earth plates. The area has high seismic activity, with an epicenter near Koynānagar where the Koynanagar Dam and a hydroelectric power plant have been built.
Being a hill-station, Panchgani doesn’t have much to offer to its shopaholic visitors, but it does not completely disappoint. Its markets feature some of the most exquisite wooden handicrafts, leather goods, slippers and other apparel, fruit-based products and other confectionaries. Mapro Shops offering fruit crushes, marmalades, jams and fruit drink concentrates are found in every other corner of the city. Mala’s Fruit Products is also a great outlet selling the same. Strawberry lovers can head to Strawberry Den for fresh strawberries, cream and jams.